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World War Two 1939-1945

World War II - Leaders

The Holocaust

Josef Stalin
Dictator of Russia

Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Germany

Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Italy

During World War Two, the three main leaders were Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, and Josef Stalin, all of whom were dictators in their own countries. Each dictator was responsible for a different section of the war: The Holocaust, Communism, and fascism. Each leader had a different impact on the war, and each also helped to shape the war, no matter how important or small a detail.

During his twelve years as Dictator in Germany, Adof Hilter caused many of the deaths of the Second World War (http:/// 1). Hitler was most well known for the creation of the Nazi Party, and also The Holocaust. As dictator of Germany, he gained power by the basis that he was going to help Germany get revenge after they were punished so severely by The Treaty of Versailles. Hitler was a veteran from the First World War, and when he was in jail he wrote a manifesto, Mein Kampf, which described everything that he intended to carry out once he was out of jail (1). When Hitler got out of jail, he carried out every plan that he wrote about in his novel, and then some. Hitler was known for his lack of regard for human life.

During The Holocaust, millions of Jews and others were killed in Hitler's most famous invention, the death camps. The camp that impacted the people the most was Auschwitz, where most of the killings of the war occurred ( 1). Hitler donned a swastika on his arm at all times when he was in public, and that image instilled fear into all who were not of the master race, (blond hair blue eyes and fair skin) (1).

During World War Two, Hitler enforced militarization and territorial expansion to steal back what land was stolen from Germany because of the treaty. He also created the Axis by creating an alliance with Italy and Japan ( 1). Hitler was said to be the world's most powerful military commander for almost a decade ( 2). While Hitler seemed to be a madman during The Holocaust, he was actually a very intelligible man who was also a good politician, because he knew how to work the people.

The next major dictator of World War Two was Benito Mussolini, the Fascist dictator of Italy from 1922 to 1943 ( 1). Mussolini was very supportive of the Fascist program, so much that he abolished the parliamentary system. He made it so that all teachers had to support the Fascist regime, and all newspaper editors had to have a certificate of approval from the party (3). Mussolini also was very nationalistic, another reason for World War Two. Mussolini was determined to carry out the annexing of Malta, Crosica, and Tunis, and in 1939 he occupied Albania (5). Hitler called Mussolini's bluff and Hitler invaded Poland. Mussolini was unexpecting, and he had done nothing to prepare for the war even though he preached of his armed forces for so long. Mussolini had to follow Hitler in declaring war on Russia and also on The United States (5).

Mussolini was dismissed on July 25, 1940 because he had not prepared the military like he had promised. His Fascist establishment was overthrown in 1945 when he was captured after he had attempted to escape. Few regretted that his establishment was destroyed because of the problems caused by Mussolini, and also his unpreparedness (http://www.histoyrcom/ content_type_id=954&display_order=6&sub_display_order=28&mini_id=1090 2).

The last of the memorable dictators of World War Two was Josef Stalin (originally named Isif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili), the dictator of Russia. Stalin forced Russia back into communism during the Bolshevik Revolution, and then he dropped out of the war. This started when the Hitler Stalin Pact, signed in 1939 was broken by Hitler because he invaded the Soviet Union. Stalin tried to defend the Soviet Union with the Soviet Red Army, but Hitler and his army were too powerful ( 3). Stalin started out his influence on the war in 1933 when he gained power over the Soviet Union. He modernized their military so they could start to gain power. He did the best he could to change the Soviet Union into a modern country to help them become a major aspect of the world's stage ( 1).

After Hitler broke the Hitler Stalin Pact, Stalin was determined to destroy Hitler and his army. Stalin was known for joining the "Big Three", which was a group that was determined to stamp Hitler out. However, this plan was never carried out successfully. Stalin was responsible for many deaths that occurred along the way of trying to overthrow Hitler, but human life did not really seem to matter to Stalin. After the war ended, he sent many people from the Soviet Union labeled as "traitors" to labor camps, which held conditions equal to if not worse than the concentration camps held by the Nazis during the war ( 1). During the war, the government of Russia had strayed from dictatorship, but Stalin brought it right back to a dictatorship during the revolutionary Bolsheviks (1).

Stalin was also remembered for his victory at Moscow, where he "ordered a fantastic shifting of industrial plants from European Russia to the east, arranged for lend-lease from the Western powers, selected more and more first-rate military commanders, and developed increasingly effective military strategy, including the remarkable counteroffensives a Mosco, Stalingrad, and Kursk" ( 10). Stalin was able to guess that Hitler would not be aware of this attack, and therefore Stalin was very successful.

During World War Two, there were many leaders that impacted the war, but none more effective than Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, and Josef Stalin. Each of these dictators, of Germany, Italy, and Russia, respectively, added to the war and heightened the intensity. Hitler was responsible for one of the most terrifying events of the twentieth century, The Holocaust, Mussolini was responsible for the Fascist program, and Stalin heightened the war by his rivalry with Hitler and his goal of communism for the Soviet Union. Each of these leaders contributed to the war, whether for the better or for the worse.

Works Cited

"Adolf Hitler: Political Leader and World War II Figure." Adolf Hitler. 1 June 2008

Jima, Iwo. "Joseph Stalin." World War II Commemoration. 1 June 2008 <

Joseph Stalin. 2 June 2008 <>.

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"Jseph Stalin (1879 - 1953)." History - Joseph Stalin. 2 June 2008 <

"Key Axis Figures - Benito Mussolini." World War II - Key Figures. 2 June 2008
content_type_id=954&display_order=6&sub_display_order=28&mini_id=1090 >.